The Gospel of Matthew

An Introduction and Outline

Matthew has nicely divided his gospel into five parallel sections. These are easily discovered by the fivefold repetition of "when Jesus had finished" {7:28; 11:1; 13:53; 19:1; 26:1). Each grouping consists of both a narrative (covering events) and a teaching section. They are cushioned by a good-sized introduction and conclusion.

Outline of Matthew

A Map for the Gospel of Matthew

Introduction to the King’s Earthly Ministry (1:1-4:11)

#1 Principles of the Kingdom (4:12-7:29)
   Narrative:  Jesus calls four disciples (4:12-25)
   Teaching: Sermon on the Mount (5:1-7:29)

#2 Propagation of the Kingdom (8:1-11:1)
   Narrative: Healing around Galilee (8:1-9:38)
   Teaching: The commission to the Twelve (10:1-42)

#3 Antagonism toward the Kingdom (11:2-13:53)
   Narrative:  Unreceptive cities and leaders (11:2-12:50)
   Teaching: The parables of the Kingdom (13:1-53)

#4 Hostility within the Kingdom (13:54-19:2)
   Narrative:  Difficulty believing Christ’s teaching (13:54-17:27)
   Teaching: The meaning of greatness and forgiveness (18:1-35)

#5 Rejection of the Kingdom (19:3-26:2)
   Narrative:  Turning against the king in Judah (19:3-39)
   Teaching: The Olivet discourse (24:1-25:46)

Conclusion to the King’s Earthly Ministry (26:3-28:20)

The Purpose of Matthew

The Gospel of Matthew no doubt was written to the Jewish people. There are 53 direct Old Testament quotes in Matthew alone and another 76 allusions. One needs to understand the Old Testament to appreciate Matthew's purpose to show that Jesus indeed is Christ. He has fulfilled the Old Testament prophecies.

Wherever Jesus went, He faced opposition. The closer to Jerusalem, the greater the tension. This is true when Jesus was young as well as at the end of His life. He was away from the throne (14-20) but in 21-27 He stayed in and around Jerusalem. The message is clear. He was not wanted as King. From birth to maturity, Christ the King was rejected by man but accepted by God.

NT Biblical resources on our NT LibraryThe material on the web here is only a small portion of the great media-enriched resources that we have both on the OT and NT. Click here or on the picture to look at our New Testament resources. This is just the beginning of our huge library of quality biblical training materials–always filled with many applications.


Other Matthew articles:


Matthew 1:22-23 Bridge of Life; Immanuel
Matthew 5-7 Sermon on Mount: Introduction, Outline, Bible Study
Matthew 5:1-12 The Eight Beatitudes
Matthew 5:21-48 Sermon on Mount: Six Test Cases of Love
Matthew 5:33-37 Sermon on Mount: Walking in Integrity
Matthew 6:21 Sermon on Mount: Detecting Heart Divisions
Matthew 9:35-38 Going into His Harvest, Questions
Matthew 11:28-30 Finding Rest for Your Weary Souls
Matthew 12:7 'I Desire Compassion'
Matthew 15:21-28 Staying Focused on God's Will
Matthew 17:24-27 Trusting God for money
Matthew 18:21-22 Forgive with Liberality
Matthew 24:14 The Gospel Mission & the End Times

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