Passover & The Lord's Supper

Gospel of Luke 22:1-30

Gospel of Luke
The Bible Teacher's Commentary

Paul J. Bucknell

Redemptive time is about to start!

Come and join Jesus’ last supper on earth. The scene was tense and upsetting. Christ's clear mind, however, allowed Him during these desperate times to strengthen the others by establishing what is now called the Lord's Supper.

An Introduction (Gospel of Luke 22:1-30)

The whole redemptive calendar is about to start. The Passover and the Unleavened Bread start off the new Hebrew calendar each new year, but with Christ being sacrificed as the Passover Lamb, a whole new redemptive calendar was going to start and never end. This is the making of the kingdom of God. Note the Hebrew Seven Biblical Holidays Calendar chart below.

Seven Hebrew Biblical Holidays - Passover

There are seven Hebrew Biblical holidays. They form a type for redemptive history. They are grouped together as the above chart shows. Three in the first month (Nissan) of the year; Pentecost in the third month and three more holidays in the seven month. Seven portrays the complete picture.

The first three holidays speak of Christ's death, the New Covenant (blood on doorway) and the resurrection (Day of Firstfruits). Once the Day of Firstfruits was celebrated, Pentecost was surely to come fifty days afterwards as recorded in Acts 1-2. The fourth to sixth months are the indefinite months between Christ's first and second coming. The last three holidays speak of the final judgment and victory. The following months speak of the eternal life to come after Christ's return. This calendar provides an excellent overview of the schedule of events that matter most in the history of mankind.

This 'Last Supper,' then, becomes very significant because it initiated the whole redemptive calendar into action. Once started, it would never end. As Jesus said, it was a new covenant in His blood (e.g. His death).

This is the reason Satan appeared on the scene. This was not his cronies, the demons, but Satan himself. It was a most tense time. The city of Jerusalem was throbbing with people getting ready for this national holiday. Important events require special preparations, and the ones mentioned in the following verses were no exception. Each focused on the same event, but from totally different perspectives. Let us now look at the four sections one by one.

Let's see how the Jewish leaders were readying themselves for the Passover.

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Biblical Foundations for Freedom - Resources on the Gospel of Luke

(Luke 1-3)

Luke Introduction pdf
Luke Teaching Outline pdf
Luke 1:26-38 Christmas Lights pdf
Luke 1:45-55 Christmas Prayer pdf
Luke 1:56-75 Notes pdf
Luke 1:57-80 John's Birth pdf
Luke 2:1-20 Jesus' Birth pdf
Luke 2:8-20 Good News pdf
Luke 3:1-38 Jesus & John pdf
Luke 3:21-38 Genealogy pdf

(Luke 4-9:36)

Luke 5:27-32 Needy pdf
Luke 5:33-35 Fasting Discipline pdf
Luke 5:36-39 New-Wineskins pdf
Luke 6:1-11 Sabbath pdf
Luke 6:11-19 Character & Calling pdf
Luke 7:1-10 Faith html
Luke 7:11-17 Widow & Son html
Luke 7:18-35 John the Baptist html
Luke 7:36-50 Two-debtors html
Luke 7:1-50 Faith pdf
Luke 8:22-25 Storm-Stilled pdf
Luke 8:26-39 Demoniac pdf
Luke 8:40-56 Power-Death pdf

Luke 9:1-36 Handout Questions pdf
Luke 9:1-10 Sending out Twelve html
Luke 9:11-17 Feeding of 5000 html
Luke 9:18-26 Life of Denial - Questions html
Luke 9:27-36 Glory of Christ html
Luke 9:37-48 Greatness pdf
Luke 9:45-55 Pride & Leadership pdf
Luke 9:57-62 Discipleship html | pdf | Questions html | pdf
Luke 9:57-10:2 Mission Ready html | pdf {See NT Library for more}
Luke 10:1 Mission Involvement html
Luke 10:2a Mission Worldview html
Luke 10:2b Prayer & missions html
Luke 11:1-5 Content of Prayer pdf
Luke 11:14-26 Participating in Prayer pdf
Luke 11:14-28 Prayer Strategy pdf
Luke 11:5-13 Persistent in Prayer pdf

(Luke 12-19:27)

Luke 12:25-26 A Perspective on Worry html
Luke 13:1-5 Understanding Disasters html | pdf
Luke 13:18-19 Mustard Seed pdf
Luke 13:20-30 Leaven & Decisions pdf
Luke 13:31-35 Mission Growth pdf
Luke 14:1-14 Teaching html | pdf
Luke 14:15-35 Commitment html | pdf
Luke 15:1-2 Lost pdf
Luke 15:3-10 Lost Sheep pdf
Luke 15:11-32 Lost Son pdf
Luke 16:19-31 Lazarus pdf
Luke 17:11-19 Perfect Response pdf
Luke 18:1-34 Being Prepared pdf
Luke 18:1-8 Hopelessness html
Luke 18:9-14 Self-righteous html
Luke 18:15-17 Neglected html
Luke 18:18-27 False-Confidence html
Luke 18:28-30 Faithfulness html
Luke 18:31-34 Remember html
Luke 18:35-43 Blind Man pdf
Luke 19:1-10 Tax Collector pdf
Luke 19:11-27 Ten Minas pdf

LUKE 19:28-24)

Luke 19:28-40 Palm Sunday pdf
Luke 19:35-38 Entry html
Luke 19:41-44 Weep Lost pdf
Luke 19:45 20-47 Preach pdf
Luke 20:26-40 Eternity pdf
Luke 22:1-06 The-Plot html
Luke 22:1-30 Introduction html
Luke 22:7-13 The Preparation html
Luke 22:14-23 The Passover html
Luke 22:24-30 Leadership html
Luke 22:1-30 Lord's Supper pdf
Luke 22:29-36 Temptation pdf
Luke 22:31-65 Temptation Handout pdf
Luke 24:13-35 Questions pdf
Luke 24:13-53 Resurrection pdf

Biblical Foundations for Freedom