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The Lord Your Healer: 

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The Bible Teaching Commentary on Genesis: The Book of Foundations

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Overcoming Anxiety: Finding Peace, Discovering God


1 and 2 Samuel Rising of the Kings

Our Need, His Grace

Ephesians 2:1-3

– The Bible Teacher's Commentary –

Paul J. Bucknell

Intro (Ephesians 2:1-3) | Man's Nature (Ephesians 2:1) | Man's World (Ephesians 2:2) | Man's Heart (Ephesians 2:3) | Questions (Ephesians 2:1-3) | mp3 download | Video podcast

These Bible Study Questions on Ephesians 2:1-3 enable us to better appreciate our salvation by emphasizing our great need for God's saving intervening in our lives. Feel free to modify questions.

Bible Study Questions

Ephesians 2:1-3

Ephesians 2:1 dead in trespasses and sins

Our Need, His Grace

(1) And you were dead in your trespasses and sins, (2) in which you formerly walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, of the spirit that is now working in the sons of disobedience. (3) Among them we too all formerly lived in the lusts of our flesh, indulging the desires of the flesh and of the mind, and were by nature children of wrath, even as the rest. (Ephesians 2:1-3).


  1. What did Paul just write about in chapter 1 of Ephesians?

  2. What is he writing about here in Ephesians 2:1-3?

  3. How does he describe man in Ephesians 2:1?

  4. What does ‘trespass’ and ‘sin’ differ from each other? What might Paul be referring to?

  5. Does Paul refer to being physically dead? Spiritually dead? What does being ‘dead’ mean?

  6. In Ephesians 2:2 how does Paul describe our past lives?

  7. Who is he referring to here? Why does he say ‘formerly?’

  8. Describe five characteristics of the dark spiritual world from your own experience.

  9. Who is the prince of the power of the air? What does this mean? Use other scriptures to help define who this one might be.

  10. Do people believe the world is controlled by Satan? How would things differ if they did?

  11. What might you describe the ‘spirit’ of the prince of the power of the air? How is it that this spirit works in people’s lives? Who does the evil one work in?

  12. Read Ephesians 2:3. Who is he describing? How does he describe them?

  13. Are Christians more holy than non-believers? What makes you think so?

  14. Are God’s people chosen because of their inherent goodness? Why not? Use this verse to prove your answer.

  15. Who does this verse say God’s wrath (great anger) is upon? Why? What about ‘good’ people? Use this verse to answer this question.

  16. Name three kinds of lusts (sinful desires). How do lusts operate in an unbeliever? A believer?

  17. What are the two kinds of sinful desires mentioned in Ephesians 2:3? How do they differ?

  18. Name at least one application this passage has upon your life.

For further reflection on Ephesians 1, please read here.

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Read more exciting and practical articles on the Book of Ephesians.

Introduction to the Book of Ephesians

Ephesians 1

Ephesians 1:1-3 Every Spiritual Blessing

Ephesians 1:1-3 Every Spiritual Blessing
Ephesians 1:1 Only by the Will of God
Ephesians 1:2 Only in Christ Jesus
Ephesians 1:3 Every Spiritual Blessing
Ephesians 1:1-3 Bible Study Questions

Ephesians 1:4-6 Bible Study Questions
Ephesians 1:1-14 Redemption & Sovereignty
Ephesians 1:15-17 Bible Study Questions

Ephesians 2-3

Ephesians 2:1-3 Our Need, His grace

Ephesians 2:1-3, an Introduction | Podcast
Ephesians 2:1 A) Man's Nature
Ephesians 2:2 B) Man's World
Ephesians 2:3 C) Man's Heart
Ephesians 2:1-3 Bible Study Questions

Ephesians 2:8-10, an Introduction
Ephesians 2:8-9 A) Purpose of Salvation
Ephesians 2:10 B) Purpose of our Lives
Ephesians 2:8-10 Bible Study Questions
Ephesians 2:19-22 Bible Study Questions

Ephesians 3:14-21 The Fullness of God's Love

Ephesians 4

Ephesians 4:1-3 Preserving the Spirit's Unity

Intro: Problems of Disunity
Ephesians 4:1 Calling to Unity
Ephesians 4:2-3 Our Oneness of the Body
Ephesians 4:3 Preservation of Unity
Ephesians 4:1-3 Bible Study Questions

Ephesians 4:11-16 The Purpose of Training

Ephesians 4:11-13: A) God's Word in the Church
Ephesians 4:11 Gifts in the church
Ephesians 4:12 Purpose of equipping
Ephesians 4:13 The final goal
Ephesians 4:11-13 Bible Study Questions

Ephesians 4:14 B) Responsibility 1. Deceit
Ephesians 4:15a 2. Speaking the truth in love
Ephesians 4:15b 3. Grow up into Christ
Ephesians 4:16 Summary: Function of the Church
Ephesians 4:14-16 Bible Study Questions

Ephesians 4:11-14 Chart: Equipping of the Saints
Ephesians 4:26-27 The Urgency of Resolving Anger
Ephesians 4:31 The Tree of Bitterness

Ephesians 5-6

Ephesians 5:22,24 Wives be Subject to your Husband
Ephesians 5:25 Marital Love
Ephesians 5:31-32 Redemptive Analogy & Marriage
Ephesians 5:31-33 Building a Great Marriage
Ephesians 6:1-3 Obedience to Parents
Ephesians 6:17 Sword of Spirit

Scriptures typically quoted from the New American Standard Bible unless noted: (C) Copyright The Lockman Foundation 1988

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