The BFF Digital Libraries

Facebook BFFBFF is now on Facebook! Please visit and join us in releasing God's powerful Word to our generation!

God's peace can help us live above anxieties as we learn to trust in Him!

The Lord Your Healer: 

Discover Him and Find His Healing Touch by Paul J. Bucknell

Newest! The Lord Your Healer

Discover Him and Find His Healing Touch

First step of discipleship
revive devotions
Advanced Discipleship

The Bible Teaching Commentary on Genesis: The Book of Foundations

Commentaries that specialize on training the teacher!

Overcoming Anxiety: Finding Peace, Discovering God


1 and 2 Samuel Rising of the Kings

Four Special Descriptions of the Church

Ephesians 2:19-22

– The Bible Teacher's Commentary –

Paul J. Bucknell

2:19 So then you are no longer strangers and aliens, but you are fellow citizens with the saints, and are of God’s household, 2:20 having been built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Christ Jesus Himself being the corner stone, 2:21 in whom the whole building, being fitted together is growing into a holy temple in the Lord; 2:22 in whom you also are being built together into a dwelling of God in the Spirit. (Ephesians 2:19-22).

Bible Study Questions

Ephesians 2:19-22

Four Special Descriptions of the Church

The apostle is ecstatic at what has happened due to the great grace of God in Christ. In this short passage, he speaks of four special ways God’s people are uniquely blessed. We can look at the whole section comparing how things are different now that we, God’s people, are in Christ.

Bible Study Questions

  1. What is Paul referring to when he says, “So then you are no longer strangers and aliens? (Ephesians 2:19)” Refer to the former verses as needed.

  2. Paul will make a stark contrast between strangers and aliens with other descriptions throughout this study. But firstly, let us better understand what we are contrasting them with. Name at least four characteristics of strangers and aliens.

  3. The first description is “fellow citizens” (Ephesians 2:19). Who is he speaking to? What does this description mean? What does the added phrase ‘with the saints’ emphasize?

  4. How does this description differ from the description of strangers and aliens?

  5. The next description is regarding God’s household (Ephesians 2:19). What does it mean to be of God’s household? How does being of God’s family differ from the description of strangers and aliens?

  6. Explain how a person can become part of God’s family?

  7. The word ‘household’ has more of a family concept rather than building. Paul, however, uses a foundation to describe this household (Ephesians 2:20). What parts of the foundation does Paul mention? Why does he emphasize them?

  8. Explain what a cornerstone is. Check a Bible dictionary that describes how things were done in that day if one is unfamiliar. What does it then mean for Jesus to be the cornerstone?

  9. Paul slowly starts transitioning to the third description for God’s people in Ephesians 2:21. What is this description? How is this different from the prior one (God’s household or family)?

  10. Notice how Paul says the whole building … is growing (3:21). What is unusual about this? Why might Paul refer to a building in this way? (Note that ‘the whole building’ can also be translated every or each building).

  11. What does the word ‘whole’ refer to here? In this greater context why is this important? How can this concept help us better appreciate those that are different from us?

  12. At the end of verse 21, Paul starts using the fourth description. What is this? What is the difference between this and the former (whole building)?

  13. What does the phrase ‘fitted together’ refer to (2:21)? Who does the fitting? What is being fitted? What might this mean practically for our lives?

  14. The word for temple here refers specifically to the holy sanctuary where God dwelt. Read 1 Corinthians 3:16. We often think of each one of us as an individual temple. Examine the text closely here and see if this is the concept here. How has individualism of the West (and often exported elsewhere) hurt our lives and churches?

  15. How does this description differ from strangers and aliens?

  16. Although Ephesians 2:22 might be thought of as a fifth description, it seems better to use it to summarize the former verse by describing what Paul meant by a holy temple in the Lord. Remember that these Ephesians did not understand the holy temple in Jerusalem. What can we further understand of the holy temple by the words in 2:22?

  17. Notice how he points out that God lives in His people through the Holy Spirit. What is the Holy Spirit? Is the Holy Spirit an ‘it’ (like a power) or a person (see Ephesians 4:30)? Where has the Holy Spirit so far been mentioned in the Book of Ephesians?

  18. Let’s summarize what we have learned in this study. What are the four descriptions of God’s people in Ephesians 2:19-22? How does each differ from being a stranger and alien?
StoreMost of BFF articles such as this one is nicely formatted for printing. This article also has a Powerpoint. Check out the great number of articles on the BFF Biblical Training Library all at one low cost.
Read more exciting and practical articles on the Book of Ephesians.

Introduction to the Book of Ephesians

Ephesians 1

Ephesians 1:1-3 Every Spiritual Blessing

Ephesians 1:1-3 Every Spiritual Blessing
Ephesians 1:1 Only by the Will of God
Ephesians 1:2 Only in Christ Jesus
Ephesians 1:3 Every Spiritual Blessing
Ephesians 1:1-3 Bible Study Questions

Ephesians 1:4-6 Bible Study Questions
Ephesians 1:1-14 Redemption & Sovereignty
Ephesians 1:15-17 Bible Study Questions

Ephesians 2-3

Ephesians 2:1-3 Our Need, His grace

Ephesians 2:1-3, an Introduction | Podcast
Ephesians 2:1 A) Man's Nature
Ephesians 2:2 B) Man's World
Ephesians 2:3 C) Man's Heart
Ephesians 2:1-3 Bible Study Questions

Ephesians 2:8-10, an Introduction
Ephesians 2:8-9 A) Purpose of Salvation
Ephesians 2:10 B) Purpose of our Lives
Ephesians 2:8-10 Bible Study Questions
Ephesians 2:19-22 Bible Study Questions

Ephesians 3:14-21 The Fullness of God's Love

Ephesians 4

Ephesians 4:1-3 Preserving the Spirit's Unity

Intro: Problems of Disunity
Ephesians 4:1 Calling to Unity
Ephesians 4:2-3 Our Oneness of the Body
Ephesians 4:3 Preservation of Unity
Ephesians 4:1-3 Bible Study Questions

Ephesians 4:11-16 The Purpose of Training

Ephesians 4:11-13: A) God's Word in the Church
Ephesians 4:11 Gifts in the church
Ephesians 4:12 Purpose of equipping
Ephesians 4:13 The final goal
Ephesians 4:11-13 Bible Study Questions

Ephesians 4:14 B) Responsibility 1. Deceit
Ephesians 4:15a 2. Speaking the truth in love
Ephesians 4:15b 3. Grow up into Christ
Ephesians 4:16 Summary: Function of the Church
Ephesians 4:14-16 Bible Study Questions

Ephesians 4:11-14 Chart: Equipping of the Saints
Ephesians 4:26-27 The Urgency of Resolving Anger
Ephesians 4:31 The Tree of Bitterness

Ephesians 5-6

Ephesians 5:22,24 Wives be Subject to your Husband
Ephesians 5:25 Marital Love
Ephesians 5:31-32 Redemptive Analogy & Marriage
Ephesians 5:31-33 Building a Great Marriage
Ephesians 6:1-3 Obedience to Parents
Ephesians 6:17 Sword of Spirit