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The Spheres of Life and Death
1 John 2:28-3:10

1 John : Our Meeting with God Summary

Growing in Confidence

Paul J. Bucknell

Intro & Outline | 1:1-2:2 | 2:3-2:17 | 2:18-3:24 | 4:1-5:21

1 John 2:28-3:10 Growing in Confidence

What does it mean to follow Jesus anyway?

'The Spheres of Life and Death' is part '2/4' to a study entitled 'Growing in Confidence' on 1 John 2:28-3:10. This page shows how the Christian life is wholly different than the unbeliever who acts in the sphere of death. The new spiritual birth is described in detail.

The Plane of Life

Let us now look at that overview of life can answer a lot of our questions. Remember there are different parts to it. Just by understanding a part of it is insufficient.  The Plane of Life: How are we going to get there?Let’s start by focusing on two parts.

The first part, the starting point, is being ‘born of Him.’  We are not surprised too much by this. We would expect life to begin at birth. If there is an element of surprise it is because he is talking to people that have already been born. It is then we realize that John is referring to some kind of spiritual experience that starts a whole new aspect of life.  This concept might even raise a couple of questions.

· If birth is the beginning point, where does it lead to?
· Why does ‘born of Him’ start the process?
· What does it mean?
· If life starts at birth, then what was it like before?

But this is the whole point. If we don’t get the right perspective of life, then we will always be confused about life. Let’s see if we can answer these questions.

1) If birth is the beginning point, where does it lead to?

1 John 3:2 says that “we shall be like Him” upon Christ’s second coming. It is at this point that the children of God will be translated out of time into eternity with the Lord.  41 times the phrase ‘eternal life” is used in the NASB. It literally means life without end.  John uses it 6 times just in 1 John (1:2; 2:25; 3:15;5:11,13,20). It is man’s greatest dream - to live forever. We need to make sure that we are going to get there.  If we don’t begin right, we will not end right. Remember this is what John was concerned about?

2) Why does ‘born of Him’ start the process?

This is not too difficult. It is where spiritual life starts. We understand birth on a physical level. From out of the dark womb a baby is born forth into the light. It is here that the child starts breathing on its own, opening its eyes and seeing light. The actual life started earlier in a rather hidden place. But soon everybody knows something is going on. It is like this spiritually too. The person being born of Him is going through a very uncomfortable time.

Unexplainable things are happening to him. We do not ask if he chooses to be born or breathe; it just happens. The baby is alive. Every true Christian goes through a time of distress (repentance) and relief (faith).  We do not belong to the world anymore because we don’t like the things of the world. We see the wrongness of our old ways. Belief comes to us.

3) What does it all mean?

The phrase ‘born of Him’ means God’s nature was infused in us. Verse 3:9 says “born of God” and ‘born of Him.’  3:10 has a similar phrase ‘not of God.’ God now is a part of his life. He is changed. Before he did not have spiritual desires but only earthly ones. Now, however, everything has changed. Do you remember going through a time of repentance and faith? I sure do.

Right after God changed me, I longed to read the Bible. Before this time, I had absolutely no interest in it. It was like night and day. Now it was hard to keep me reading God’s Word. I can remember reading God’s Word on a nice Saturday afternoon when I could have been doing lots of other things. New desires engender new habits. It is this new desire that is a mark of the new life. We will discuss this more later. At this point, we can see that when you have a desire to do things God’s ways, called righteousness, then it is probably because you were born of Him. This is what 1 John 2:29 is saying.

4) If life starts at birth, then what was it like before?

If we think long enough, the truth will always challenge the way we think. In this case we know from other passages more about our pre-birth days. Ephesians 2:1 says that we were dead in our trespasses and sins. Verse 2:5 says, “Even when we were dead in our transgressions, made us alive together with Christ.” 

Now I understand this can be a pretty significant shock to you. When Adam disobeyed the Lord, everyone died spiritually. All of us inherited a nature whose desires were to seek a person’s selfish ways rather than God’s. This is called the sin nature. It too has its desires.

The Start of Life (1 John 2:29)

If you know that He is righteous, you know that everyone also who practices righteousness is born of Him. (1 John 2:29)

Here we see that the first point is placed on a map. Birth. The phrase “Born of Him” is a very significant phrase. The phrase reminds of an encounter Jesus had with Nicodemus in John 3 where the phrase ‘born again’ was born. Today the phrase can mean almost anything. Hopefully we can describe what it means.

1)     Usually we would say that we are born of a woman. Here we are born of a ‘him.’ There is no mistake here in the Greek text. Our search then quickly finds out that it refers to God the Father.  It says it more clearly in 3:9 “born of God.” So we find that something is being referred to that we don’t often see. A person is born of God rather than or in addition to have been born of a woman. There is a special spiritual experience that occurs to some people.

2)     “Born.” But what in the world does it mean to be born of God? It must be a spiritual experience. If it referred to everyone being created, then it wouldn’t be true of just some people. Being born is a process that happens to you. We wouldn’t say we are totally inactive but that a process is doing something to us. That process is when we are brought out of a dark world and brought into the light of another world. But as we think of birth a bit more, we see that it has even more to do with the sharing of life and likeness. We can see this in the word ‘born’ which is similar to the English word ‘gene.’ The child shares a common life and frame of his parents.

3)     ‘Born of God.’ So what does it mean to be born of God? Somehow a person experiences a process by which he shares a commonality and belonging to God. God is somehow intrinsically part of a person. This person is not God. That is clear. However he now has God in Him. He shares God’s heart. Having he same nature, he likes what God likes. He dislikes what God dislikes. In 2:29 we see that John makes the simple argument. We know God is righteous and therefore we know that the seed of righteousness is born in these people. Evidently we are to draw the conclusion that the others who have not  been ‘born of Him’ do not have this righteousness. Only those who share His desires. These simple phrases can have very deep thoughts.

This is then the one point on our life map. It is a significant one. The atheist might ridicule such a thing. Others might dismiss it, but others know exactly what John is talking about. They were going on in their life and then something big hit them. All of a sudden they had a complete turn around in what they knew what they should do, their desire of what they wanted to do and in fact what they did or did not do.  Perhaps the biggest evidence of God in this world is that some people are born of God. The claim is rather significant. It is unfortunate that many have made this term ‘born-again’ only to be a spiritual experience with no ongoing transformation. This is a miscarriage. No real life there.

Application.  We need to ask ourselves whether we are still in the course of our natural birth or has something significantly happened to our lives. Sometimes we can’t see it until the process of new birth is pass but those on the outside can see something is happening. You interests change. Your desire for God has surprisingly come alive. You are actually humbled about your past life. These are all signs of the new birth. But the finish of the birth is seen in a clear confession of Jesus Christ to forgive on of their sins. Have you such an experience?

It is not the same as baptism. Baptism happens after your new birth. Some have been brought up in a church since early on. You should still look toward a new birth. Otherwise you might just be religious but not really belong to the Lord. I will comment, though, that if parents do not properly train their children how to think about their sins, that the experience might be somewhat covered up. The key is whether there is a confirming new life.

The Plane of Death

We can say that everything started with our physical birth but we know because of Adam’s sin, we had a sinful nature along with its cravings. Galatians 5 gives us a great insight to all of that. 5:19 says, “Now the deeds of the flesh are evident, which are immorality, impurity, sensuality, etc.”

The Plane of DeathThere is a verse that gives us an understanding how the devil is connected to our sinfulness. We cannot blame the devil, as if it was not our own choice. “The one who practices sin is of the devil; for the devil has sinned from the beginning” (3:8). Do you see that key phrase, “of the devil?” John repeats it even clearer in 3:10,  “By this the children of God and the children of the devil are obvious: anyone who does not practice righteousness is not of God, nor the one who does not love his brother” (1 John 3:10).

Man got sucked into one of the devil’s plans. And now every man is just naturally born into it. Our bodies are not inherently evil but because of our A desires, the body does very sinful things. From the beginning of the earth Satan has been strategizing how to sabotage God’s plan. He is the ultimate terrorist, turning good to evil and light to darkness. He is behind the antichrists that come about.

Although this passage does not speak of the end in very clear language, we know from other verses that both spiritual death and physical death are a result of sin. ‘For as through the one man’s disobedience the man were made sinners’ (Romans 5:19). And in 5:21, “Sin reigned in death.” We see this practically worked out in the case of Cain and Abel.

Abel sought the ways of God but Cain didn’t like them. Without a society around to hold back evil, he just did what he wanted. He desired to eliminate the presence of goodness seen in Abel’s life. When we think of hatred and bitterness, it is a horrible thing. Without restraints around us, then our hatred would indeed cause much more horrible death.

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Links to main 1 John articles

Outline and Overview of 1 John
Intro & Outline | 1:1-2:2 | 2:3-2:17 | 2:18-3:24 | 4:1-5:21

John's Method of Detecting Error (1 John)

A.) The Creation of God’s People (1 John 1:1-2:2)
| Study Questions
The Key to Life
1 John 1:5 What is God really like? Questions
1 John 1:6-10 what do we really believe? Questions
1 John 1:8-10 "Only a little won't matter"
1 John 2:1-2 How can I find help for my sin? Questions

B.) The Confirmation of God’s People (1 John 2:3-17) | Study Questions
Optimized for Growth (1 John 2:3-11)
1 John 2:3 Optimized for Growth (2:3-11: Part 1/4) Questions
1 John 2:4-5 Profession on Confession (Part 2/4) Questions
1 John 2:6-8 Profession on Relationship (Part 3/4) Questions
1 John 2:9-11 Profession on Spirituality (Part 4/4) Questions
1 John 2:12-14 Discipleship's Three Stages

C.) The Character of God’s People (1 John 2:18-3:24) | Study Questions
Growing in Confidence (1 John 2:28-3:10)
1 John 2:28 A. John’s Hope for a Christian
1 John 2:29-3:10 B. The Spheres of Life and Death
1 John 3:1-10 C. The Pathways to Death and Life
1 John 3:5,8 D. The Final Battle–When Life destroys Death
Bible Study Questions on 1 John 2:28-3:10

D.) The Charge to God’s People (1 John 4-5) | Study Questions
1 John 4 God is Love: The Source of Love 4:7-21 Questions 1 John 5:14-15 Three Keys to Effective Prayer Questions
Qualifications for Prayer (1 John 5:13-14)
1. Ask for Anything (1 John 5:14)
2. Seek according to God's Will (1 John 5:14)
3. Knock Until He Hears (1 John 5:15) 
1 John 5:21
Understanding Life's Problems Questions
A. The Source of Life’s Problems
B. Understanding Idolatry
C. Guard Yourselves: Being Delivered from Idols
D. Describing Our Idols
E.  Making Room for the Lord

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Scriptures typically quoted from the New American Standard Bible unless noted: (C) Copyright The Lockman Foundation 1988

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