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Chronological Book Order Chart

English Old Testament Bible

Paul J. Bucknell


Purpose: Graphically show the Old Testament (OT) chronological Bible book order. Click here to see the Hebrew Bible book order.

Chronological Book Order Chart

English Old Testament Bible

Click chronological chart for bigger chart.

OT_BIble_Chronology


CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER OF THE OT BOOKS

Bible order history

The English(1) OT Bible is separated into four sections according to emphasis rather than time sequence.

  • The OT Law or Torah or Pentateuch stands as a foundation for all the other OT books and in many ways the New Testament(2) . This is the reason the five books of Moses are placed on the bottom of the chart above. The Law is where the terms for the relationship with God were established. The Law is also called the OT covenant. All the laws set forth two major themes which described:
    • how God would care and respond to man's needs
    • what is expected of man in both his relationships with God and other men.

  • The twelve Historical Books chronologically follow the Law but are grouped together because of their common purpose. They describe how God differently responded to His people depending on their response to His Law. They are commonly separated into three sections:
    • Pre–Kingdom Era.
      Joshua, Judges and Ruth were written before the Israelites insisted and gaining a king.
    • Kingdom Era
      These six books were written during the united kingdom period as well as the divided kingdom period. The later period was split into the south (Judah) and the north (Israel). Each had its own king. The north was captured in 721 B.C.; the south in 586 B.C.
    • Post–Kingdom Era
      Ezra, Nehemiah and Esther were written during this period that led God's people back into the land. They had no king during this time.

  • The five Poetical Books were mostly written during the time of 2 Samuel by Kings David and Solomon. The book of Job was written during the period of Genesis. These books relate the inner and outer struggles God's people have as they try to live by God's law.

  • The Prophetical Books are chronologically separated into three distinct periods.
    • Pre– exilic period.  Most of the prophetical books were written in this pre–exilic period before Judah and Israel were taken captive. These prophets challenged God's people to return to the LORD as the Law said lest the judgments written in the Law would take place including captivity. These twelve books were written during the 2 Kings period.
    • Exilic– period.   Only Ezekiel and Daniel were written during the time God's people were hostage in foreign lands.
    • Post–exilic period.    Haggai, Zechariah and Malachi were written after the exiles returned back to the land. The northern kingdom which was taken to Assyria was not heard from again. Only a remnant of Judah returned from Babylon.

    There are other ways to view the prophets such as major (longer) and minor (shorter) or the place of their recipients (i.e. north or south kingdom, other countries).

Chronological Perspective of the Old Testament

This chronological perspective of the Old Testament helps us understand the background of each book. Every Christian should have a good understanding of the Old Testament in general and a good understanding of at least several of the OT books. See our historical and chronological map of the Old Testament!

A good Bible reading program is available and should be utilized before one develops the habit of regularly reading through the Old Testament. By regularly referring to the above chart, one can keep from getting 'lost.' We suggest that the Old Testament be read once a year.

Free OT and NT Chronological Bible Book mark!

Check out out chronological Bible book order and traditional Bible book order free bookmarks. Complete with and OT and NT chronological chart on the back!


Notes
(1)  The Hebrew canon is set up somewhat differently. We always need to remember this above chart is a learning tool. The English Bible does not have the 'biblical' way. Other than the Law being the first five foundational books, there seems to be no 'biblical' order. This is true of the New Testament too.

(2) Matthew 5:17-19

"Do not think that I came to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I did not come to abolish, but to fulfill. "For truly I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not the smallest letter or stroke shall pass away from the Law, until all is accomplished. "Whoever then annuls one of the least of these commandments, and so teaches others, shall be called least in the kingdom of heaven; but whoever keeps and teaches them, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven. (Matthew 5:17-19, NASB).

"Teacher, which is the great commandment in the Law?" And He said to him, "'YOU SHALL LOVE THE LORD YOUR GOD WITH ALL YOUR HEART, AND WITH ALL YOUR SOUL, AND WITH ALL YOUR MIND.' "This is the great and foremost commandment. "The second is like it, 'YOU SHALL LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOR AS YOURSELF.' "On these two commandments depend the whole Law and the Prophets." (Matthew 22:36-40).

The Origins of the Bible.

The Extent of the Bible

Why aren't other books part of the Bible?

OLD TESTAMENT ARTICLES

Including many maps and diagrams
OT Survey
Chronological Chart of OT Books
Hebrew Bible Books/ Canon
Old Testament Geographical Historical Map

OT Law, Pentateuch

Genesis Index
Introduction to Genesis
Outline and Genealogies
Unified Themes of Genesis
Genealogy Time Chart: Genesis 5
Genealogy Time Chart: Genesis 11
Ancient History - Chronology
Tracing the Two Seeds Of Mankind
Genesis 1:1-2:3
The Worship of the Creator
The Meaning of Creation
Creation Lessons on God.
God and the World's Religions
Genesis & Birth Control
Genesis 2:4-17
Preparation for Man (Genesis 2:4-6)
Creation of Man (Gen. 2:7, 1:26-27)
Purpose for Man (Genesis 2:8-17)
Good and evil from Genesis 2
Genesis 2-9
Genesis 2:18-25 Great Marriages Happen!
Genesis 2:18-25 The Foundation of Marriage
Genesis 2:24 Leave & Cleave: Practical thoughts
Genesis 5: Time chart of patriarchs (1)
Genesis 5: Enoch's Secret Word: Methusaleh (1)
Genesis 6:1-3 Finding a Wife the wrong and right way
Genesis 12-22 Abraham's Life
Genesis 12.1 The Call
Genesis 12.2-3 The Promises
Genesis 12:10-20; 20; Place Detour:
Genesis 12.13-14 Person Detour
Genesis 15 The Means
Genesis 16-17 Procedure Detour
Genesis 16,17,22 Consequences of failing to wait for God
Genesis 22 The Testing
Genesis 25-37 Jacob's Life
Influence of Sin
God and Man's Sin
Understanding Man's Sin Nature
Understanding Jacob's Sins

Genesis 50:15-26 Grace to Freely Forgive (Joseph)

Exodus
Exodus 3:14 Discussion of "I am" and Yahweh
Exodus 20:5-6 Influence of Parents
Exodus 33:7-11 Building Excitement for Devotions
Exodus 33:12-19 Biblical Word Study on 'Grace'

Numbers

Numbers Overview, Intro, Themes (The Lord's Battle)

Deuteronomy
Deuteronomy 22:5 Gender Culture Sins
OT Historical Books

Joshua
Introduction, Outline and Purpose of Joshua
Historical/Geographical Map of Joshua
Map of Canaan before the Conquest
Joshua & Resolving Marital Conflict (many passages)
Joshua 1:8 Diagram of Meditation's Importance

Judges
Background
Outline
Theme (Cycle of Decline and Revival)
Judges 2:10-19 Evaluating our Spiritual Lives
Judges 13-16
Samson

1 Samuel
1 Samuel 16:6-13 Full-time Ministry

2 Chronicles/Ezra
2 Chronicles 6-7 Prayer & Revival
2 Chronicles 6:14-42 King Solomon's prayer
2 Chronicles 7.12-15
God's Promise for Revival
2 Chronicles 7.14 Revival P A R (3)
2 Chronicles 20:1-30 Prayer: Study Questions

Ezra
Ezra Overview,
Ezra Outline
Ezra Questions
Ezra 9-10 Marrying a Non-Christian
Ezra 9:8-10 At the Heart of Revival

Nehemiah
Overview of Nehemiah
Historical Picture of Nehemiah and Ezra
Complete Nehemiah series (21 sermons+)


OT Poetical Books

Job
Introduction to Job
Overview of Job
Christ and Purpose of Job
Job 1:1-5 Thoughts on Life's Goals
Job 1:6-2:13
Endurance for Serious Troubles
Job 3-37
Search for Right Perspectives
Job 8 Poverty Does Not Mean Rejection
Job 38-42:9 Time before a Holy God
Job 42:10-17
Satisfaction with Life's Reward

Psalms
Psalm 8 God's Glory & Self-Esteem Movement
Psalm 16:11 Enjoying Pleasure
Psalm 32:1-6 (4)
Overcoming bitterness, unforgiveness
Psalm 45:4 The Necessity of Truth
Psalm 36:1-12 (3) Watching movies with God
Psalm 52 Waiting for Revenge
Psalm 55 Trusting Through Treacherous Times
Psalm 63 Six Aspects of Godly Prayers; Study Questions
Psalm 73:25-28 Principles of the Godly Man
Psalm 90 Moses and Humility; Verse by Verse
Psalm 91:1-16 Fears & Securities
Psalm 94:19 (13) Overcoming anxious thoughts.
Psalm 105:17,19 Grace for Difficult Times
Psalm 106 Finding God's Beautiful Grace
Psalm 106:10-15 From Revival to Despair
Psalm 119:25 Three Steps to Renewal
Psalm 130 Six Attitudes for Good Devotions

Proverbs
Proverbs 1:7-8 Developing a Good Conscience
Proverbs 4 The way to disciple your sons
Proverbs 16:1-4 From Planning to Purpose
16:1 Planning for disruptions
16:2 Receiving God's correction
16:3 Trusting God with our plans
16:4 Desiring God's purpose
Proverbs 30:1-4 Oracle of Agur

Ecclesiastes
Ecclesiastes 2:1-11 Seeking Pleasure


OT Prophets

Isaiah the Prophet
Book of Isaiah Plan and Outline

Redemptive Chart of Isaiah
Light & Dark Illustrative Diagram
Outline of Isaiah
Short summaries of sections of Isaiah
Background of the Book of Isaiah
A Timeline of Isaiah
Isaiah and Judah's Chronology
Assyria's Relationship with Israel/Judah
Isaiah Studies
Isaiah 6:1-12 Four Steps to Righteous Living
Isaiah 9:5-6 Names of Yahweh
Isaiah 11:1-5 Spirit Dependent Living
Isaiah 11:6-16 Christ's Rule
Isaiah 29-32 Waiting and Planning
Isaiah 38 Steps to Waiting upon God
Isaiah 40:1-5 Understanding Discipleship
Isaiah 43:1-2,7,18-21 Discovering the Will of God
Isaiah 50:4-5 The Heart of True Discipleship
Isaiah 53 (52:13-53) The Making of a Godly Leader (ADT)
Isaiah 52:13-15 Isaiah 53:1-3 Isaiah 53:4-6 Isaiah 53:7-9 Isaiah 53:10-12
Isaiah 53 (52:13-53) Study questions on Suffering
Isaiah 53 (52:13-53:12) Reflections on Isaiah 53
Isaiah 60:1-5 A Shining Light

Old Testament: Prophets (Continued)

Jeremiah

Theme of Unfaithful Men

Ezekiel
Ezekiel 14 Misunderstandings Questions
Ezekiel 28:12-17 The Devil & His Powers

Daniel
Daniel 1 The Importance of Training

Micah
Micah Themes & Background
Micah Outline Summary
Micah 4:1-5 Mountain of the Lord Questions
Micah 4:11-5:5 Commentary

Zephaniah study - Call to Revival
Gathering Before His Throne
Relevance to our Lives | Historical | Overview
A.Voluntarily Gathering 1:1-2:3 Questions | Notes | Outline
B.Willingly Gathering 2:3-3:13 Questions | Notes | Outline
C. Gladly Gathering 3:14-3:20 Questions | Notes | Outline

Haggai studies: Rebuilding the Temple
Haggai Introduction
Haggai 1:1-11 Notes Questions
Haggai 1:12-2:9 Notes Questions
Haggai 2:10-23 Notes Questions
Discovering Effective Leadership in Haggai
Overcoming Discouragement and Depression in Haggai